Labor's new anti-corruption legislation may prove to be a signal moment but the devil is in the detail. IA founder David Donovan takes a closer look at the draft.
This may prove to be a signal moment for our troubled nation, so long held back by the greed of a certain cabal, ever willing to trade their powers and power to second-rate opportunists they call "mates".
True, the Dreyfus model is better than the Morrison bill for a public body so feeble it was never even seen to approach Parliament. But the devil is ever in the detail.
Corruption flourishes in the dark, yet withers in the light. Which is why the Federal Government's decision to only hold public hearings in 'exceptional circumstances' sounds a strongly discordant note.
Indeed, all it takes is a small hole for a snake to slither in and this exceptional circumstance rule may prove to be the weak spot.
THE LABOR DECISION
Attorney-General Dreyfus has defended the decision, citing a spectrum of reasons ranging from privacy to prejudicing criminal actions, but they sounded specious, both in Parliament and on podcast.
However, this Bill differs substantially from those by not introducing a "whistleblower commissioner", something also identified by past parliamentary inquiries as being required, as well as this new 'exceptional circumstances' provision.
The lack of effective protection for whistleblowers is, in our view, an essential component for any effective integrity commission and we will explore this in detail at a later time.
WHAT THE EXPERTS SAY ABOUT THE 'EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES' CLAUSE
But don't just believe us when we say the 'exceptional circumstances' exception is a body blow to the new NACC.
Here's what the experts say ─ the very same experts, indeed, Labor cited as being closely consulted when drafting the NACC legislation.
The Integrity Committee, a group of retired judges* who have been lobbying for a federal anti-corruption commission since 2017, similarly welcomed the legislation, saying it 'fills a big gap in Australia's federal integrity system' and was 'a strong start in restoring trust in our democracy'.
But like the TIA, the retired judges said the exception test bar - s73(2)(a) - was set too high on holding public hearings [IA emphasis]:
The former judges said Parliament should amend the draft laws to remove this clause:
Attorney-General Mark Dreyfus has moved quickly to set up a task force to get Labor's federal anti-corruption body off the ground, but the staff selection process for his pilot taskforce has raised questions.
Accountability Round Table
The Accountability Round Table (A.R.T.), led by senior Melbourne barrister Fiona McLeod SC, was another body cited by the Labor Government as having been extensively consulted regarding the nascent NACC.
Yet, A.R.T. was even more forthright in its opposition to the lofty threshold set on public hearings, saying 's73(2)(a) should be deleted'.
McLeod provided historical context in refuting Dreyfus' claim that public hearings could lead to unwarranted reputational damage:
The A.R.T. boss says the 'exceptional circumstances' test could bog down and even prejudice the new NACC's workings:
Centre for Governance and Public Policy (CGPP)
The head of CGPP, Professor Brown, said the proposed NACC 'model has unexpectedly fallen short in proposing public hearings be available only in "exceptional circumstances"'.
Professor Brown implied the new threshold could breach a Labor election commitment:
Research by Brown's organisation indicates the 'exceptional circumstances' test is a counterproductive and potentially dangerous way to mitigate against reputational damage:
Federal ICAC Now
Not consulted by the Government was this publication and long-time anti-corruption crusader, Independent Australia.
IA investigations editor, author of the Ashbygate book and convenor of the Federal ICAC Now (FIN) party, Ross Jones, says the fact the Dutton Opposition has supported the proposed legislation, including the controversial s73(2)(a), is a big 'red flag':
The FIN convenor says the 'exceptional circumstances' clause is a 'cop out' and more a 'sinkhole' than a 'loophole':
Ross Jones says Australians want transparency and may be unforgiving of Labor if it serves them up anything less:
* The Integrity Committee is made up of The Hon Mary Gaudron KC, former judge of the High Court of Australia; The Hon Stephen Charles AO KC, former judge of the Victorian Court of Appeal; The Hon David Harper AM KC, former judge Victorian Court of Appeal; The Hon Paul Stein AM KC, former judge of the NSW Court of Appeal, former President of the Anti-Discrimination Board; The Hon Anthony Whealy KC, former judge of the NSW Court of Appeal; The Hon Margaret White AO, former judge of the Queensland Court of Appeal; The Hon Carmel McLure AC KC, former President of the Western Australian Court of Appeal.